Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disorder also known as spot baldness that can result in hair loss ranging from just one location (Alopecia areata monolocularis) to every hair on the entire body (Alopecia areata universalis). Although thought to be caused by hair follicles becoming dormant, what triggers alopecia areata is not known. In most cases the condition corrects itself, but it can also spread to the entire scalp (alopecia totalis) or to the entire body (alopecia universalis).
The most common type hair loss, androgenic alopecia, usually follows a pattern with hair thinning in the front of the scalp first and progressing on to involve the back and top of the head. This type tends to be progressive.
Hodgkin’s disease is a cancer of the lymphatic system with symptoms that include unexplained, recurring fevers, unexplained weight loss, itchy skin, and painless swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck, underarm, and groin. Treatment for adult Hodgkin’s disease depends on the staging of the disease, the size of the lymph nodes, and the health of the patient.
When hair loss is the result of telogen effluvium or medication side effects, the hair loss usually is all over the head, while in tinea infections and alopecia areata, the hair loss occurs in small patches. Also, tinea infections can cause additional symptoms, such as scaling of the scalp or areas of broken hairs that look like black dots. In traumatic alopecia, the area of hair loss depends on the method of hair injury and follows the pattern inflicted by hot rollers, braiding or chemical treatments. In male-pattern baldness, the hairline usually begins to recede at the temples first, followed by thinning at the top of the head. Gradually, the crown area becomes totally bald, leaving a fringe of hair around the back and sides of the head.
An autoimmune condition makes the body recognize its own hair follicles as foreign and it attacks them and makes the hair fall out, Fusco explains. This could be alopecia areata—an autoimmune hair loss condition— or something like lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, thyroid disease, and certain types of anemia (like sickle-cell anemia, not the more common iron-deficiency anemia). Schlosser notes that lupus can cause some scarring of the hair follicle, resulting in permanent hair loss.
“The technology of Bosley to get my hair back was completely off the charts. Because of how much hair loss I had, and to be able to replace that much hair to get this type of result—I would have never believed it going into this.”
Another name for hair loss post-pregnancy is Telogen Effluvium. A fall in the estrogen levels after pregnancy leads to this condition. It mostly happens in the 3 to 6 months period after pregnancy. Telogen Effluvium is a very common cause of hair loss among women; an average of around 40% to 50% women experience hair fall for a temporary period of time post-pregnancy.
No, brushing does NOT make you bald. I mean, unless you are yanking the hair right out of your skull with a brush, this isn’t a thing. However, brushing your hair when it is wet is a big no-no as this causes breakage.
Finasteride helps stop hair loss in a majority of men, and minoxidil decreases hair loss in a significant percentage of men and women. It is important to realize that the beneficial effect of these medications is transient and if stopped the hair loss will continue.
Jump up ^ Breed, WP (January 2004). What is wrong with the 30-year-old practice of scalp cooling for the prevention of chemotherapy-induced hair loss?. Supportive Care in Cancer. 12 (1): 3–5. doi:10.1007/s00520-003-0551-8. PMID 14615930.
For more severe hair loss, wigs and hairpieces can provide good results if you are willing to try them. Either of these options can be used in combination with medications or surgery if the results of styling or the hairpiece alone are not satisfying.