This is a diverse group of rare disorders that destroy the hair follicle, replace it with scar tissue, and cause permanent hair loss. The hair loss may be accompanied with severe itching, pain and burning, and progress rapidly. In other cases the hair loss is gradual, without symptoms, and is unnoticed for long periods. It is also sometimes known as scarring alopecia and can occur in otherwise healthy men and women of all ages.
If you don’t get enough protein in your diet, your body may ration protein by shutting down hair growth, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. This can happen about two to three months after a drop in protein intake, they say.
Tinea is the medical word for fungal infection, and capitis means head. Tinea capitis is fungal infection of the scalp that for the most part affects school-age children. Tinea capitis is more common in black African or African-American scalps. This condition is rare in healthy adults. Bald spots usually show broken-off hairs and is accompanied by a dermatitis. Oral antifungals can penetrate the hair roots and cure the infection, after which hair grows back. Sharing hats or combs and brushes may transmit tinea capitis.
Dr. Melissa Piliang, a dermatologist at the Cleveland Clinic, said that Rogaine works better on the top and crown (for reasons not fully understood, the frontal hairline tends to be more resistant to treatment) and ideally should be started as soon as women notice thinning. “Any regrowth you get is a minimal amount,” Dr. Piliang said. “So the more density when you start, the better results you get.”
Hi Carol, losing hair from the top of your head only over a gradual period of time does suggest a diagnosis of androgenetic alopecia (more commonly referred to as male and female pattern baldness). There are treatments available for this and you can find out more about those on our hair loss treatments page. If you would like personalised recommendations, we would advise getting a consultation with one of our specialists. These are free of charge and can take place at one of Belgravia’s City of London or Central London hair loss clinics, or online via the consultation form on our website if that is more convenient.
Corticosteroids medicine or shots contain a type of hormone in it. They suppress the immune system and thereby help in getting rid of alopecia areata. They can either be taken through an injection or in the form of creams and ointments. For noteworthy improvement in the hair loss condition, the injection has to be taken several times in a month.
The chemical indirectly to blame for genetic hair loss is a naturally occurring enzyme called 5 Alpha Reductase. In those who are susceptible to Male Pattern Baldness, this enzyme acts upon the male sex hormone testosterone, converting it into the more powerful derivative, dihydrotestosterone (DHT). It is this DHT which causes the follicles to shrink and become less productive. Generally speaking, the follicles are often not lost, but the hair they produce gradually becomes too small to be seen clearly with the naked eye. The result is Male Pattern Baldness.
Fortunately, zinc supplementation and eating plenty of zinc-rich foods can slow hair loss in the majority of these cases, so it’s a good idea to add it to your diet. According to the National Institutes of Health, oysters contain more zinc per serving than any other food. Other food sources of zinc include walnuts, spinach, eggs, sunflower seeds, green peas, wheat germ, oatmeal and chickpeas.
Hair-loss prevention depends on the underlying cause. Good hair hygiene with regular shampooing is a basic step but is probably of little benefit. Good nutrition, especially adequate levels of iron and vitamin B, is helpful. Treatment of underlying medical conditions like thyroid disease, anemia, and hormonal imbalances may useful in prevention.
Hormonal imbalance is the primary cause for sudden hair loss among young women. Testosterone is the principal hormone that signals hair growth in the body, and dihydrotestosterone (DHT), a hormone derived from testosterone, is responsible for overproducing hair. However, even though DHT is produced from testosterone, it is controlled by estrogen. Therefore, when women maintain a stable equilibrium of estrogen and testosterone, hormones stay balanced and DHT is controlled. However, when a woman suffers from hormonal imbalance, estrogen levels fluctuate and leave DHT production uncontrolled. This oscillation often causes sudden hair loss among young women.
Physical or emotional stress may cause one half to three quarters of scalp hair to shed. This kind of hair loss is called telogen effluvium. Hair tends to come out in handfuls while you shampoo, comb, or run your hands through your hair. You may not notice this for weeks to months after the episode of stress. Hair shedding decreases over 6 to 8 months. Telogen effluvium is usually temporary. But it can become long-term (chronic).
A common condition, alopecia areata usually starts as a single quarter-sized circle of perfectly smooth bald skin. These patches usually regrow in three to six months without treatment. Sometimes, white hair temporarily regrows and then becomes dark. The most extensive form is called alopecia totalis, in which the entire scalp goes bald. It’s important to emphasize that patients who have localized hair loss generally don’t go on to lose hair all over the scalp. Alopecia areata can affect hair on other parts of the body, too (for example, the beard or eyebrows).
Excessive amount of shampooing, styling, dying and over-processing hair can cause thinning and some temporary loss. However, a buildup of product or excessive dandruff on the scalp has been shown to clog hair follicles, and if it’s bad enough it can be difficult for hair to grow. Try using a sulfate-free shampoo that won’t dry out hair from regular washing.
From what I’ve seen and read they can be quite effective–but come with several risks (scarring and unnatural-looking hairline come to mind). I haven’t dwelled much into it, but basically got FUT (follicular unit transfer), FUE (follicular unit extraction) and DHI (direct hair implant)–which is the newest, similar to FUE, most costly and provides the best results in most cases.
I have med to dark brown hair. Its going gray at the top mostly. I would like to cover the gray please. The color from salons or stores hurts my head inside and out. I was wondering if anyone knows of something natural to darkn the top? I have tryed coffee , useing it as a rinse everytime i wash my hair. I dont mind doing that or whatever .i have heard of hennea (sp?) but from all I’ve
I always advise clients to allow freshly washed hair to air dry until half dry at least once a week. By blow drying for just 50% of the time, you reduce the impact of heat styling without compromise on finish. Small change big difference over a year. We say, “Go Low Low” – use low heat and low speed, it’s the best way to work with a curl to achieve definition and the best route to a frizz free finish on a sleek straight Pick a hair dryer that works harder for you too – beyond just drying. My Infrared PRO hairdryer dries from the inside out, so it locks in moisture to keep that glossy finish, while the speed at which it dries minimizes the disturbance to the follicle and thus keeps frizz at bay too.
Staying hydrated is crucial in tissue growth and health. The hair shaft itself is largely made up of water. Set a goal to drink AT LEAST 64 ounces each day. Also, avoid carbonated sodas all of which will weaken your immune system and make your hair more likely to fall out.
If it’s serious, consider an Rx. Some women are genetically predisposed to female-pattern hair loss, and birth control pills can suppress overproduction of male hormones. At menopause, thinning increases; if you’re on hormone therapy, it may minimize hair loss.
Spikenard oil is known for promoting the growth of hair and slowing down the graying process of graying. A 2011 animal study found that spikenard oil showed positive effects on hair growth activity. When using spikenard extract, there was a 30 percent reduction in the time it look for the hair to grow back on the tested rats, which makes it promising for human use. (5)
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Take vitamins and nutrients. Work with a nutritionist to establish a diet that is rich in any vitamins or nutrients you may not routinely consume, or that your doctor may have identified as deficient. Take vitamins or supplements that may provide additional doses beyond what you consume in diet.
If you’re removing more hair from the drain than usual, you may want to take a closer look at your diet: Having a vitamin D deficiency and low levels of iron could be playing a role in your thinning locks.
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Rub rangoli henna into your hair. While not scientifically proven to work, many use rangoli henna for health and hair strength.This is a green powder that seals the hair cuticle, which strengthens the hair shaft at the root.
Although the causes of hair loss are many — including genetics, age, hormones, nutrient deficiencies, toxicity, medications and autoimmunity — changing the diet can, in many cases, be helpful. “Proper diet and supplements can slow or reverse hair loss, and make the hair thicker and healthier,” says nutritionist Dr. Joseph Debé.
Going off the Pill or changing to a different type of hormonal contraception can also cause hormone-induced shedding. Whether you’re just starting it, discontinuing it, or changing brands, your body can react by causing the hair to go into an increased shedding mode, says Fusco.
4. Know that now your hairline is pretty much frozen. Your hair loss will not continue, and if you are lucky you can even possibly regrow hair back. At this point, if you are not happy with the results. You can start considering dutasteride (higher chance of sides) and FUE transplant.
Alopecia often occurs in individuals who are relatively healthy; they may suffer from substantial emotional stress and poor nutrition, but the most evident symptom-or the symptom of greatest immediate concern to them-is the hair fall.
Just a question…I am using nizoral shampoo for my face, to treat my seborrheic dermatitis, and I am afraid that due to the anti-androgenic and anti-dht qualities of the product it might be in some way affecting my beard regrowth :/ Please help!
Tight ponytails, cornrows, braids, and anything else that pulls on the small hairs that make up your hairline can cause hair loss. The stress caused by these tight hairstyles pulls too strongly on the delicate hairs of your hairline and hair loss/thinning can occur. If you do need to put your hair up in a ponytail, use an elastic that doesn’t have metal like the Goody’s Ouchless line of hair products. It helps ensure your hair won’t get tangled in the elastic and pull out your hair when removing your ponytail.
It’s no shocker that these two things are bad for you, but the list of damages they can do seems to be growing—a lot faster than your hair, anyway. A study presented at the 2011 annual meeting of the American Society of Plastic Surgery looked at 66 male identical twins. While the researchers found that genetics were the strongest predictor of a receding hairline, smoking and heavy sun exposure were also major contributors.